The LNSM has been founded by Institute of Physics, the largest research institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic in 2008 by connecting laboratories with unique instruments and techniques. The unique equipment and experience resulted mainly from the Czech government programme Nanotechnology for Society running from 2006 to 2012. The LNSM was approved as a part of the Roadmap for Large Research, Development and Innovation Infrastructures in the Czech Republic by Government Decree No. 207 of 15 March 2010. Since the beginning of 2012 the open access use of the LSNM infrastructure was funded by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic within a project LM2011026.
Since the very beginning LNSM belongs among the fully operational infrastructures, building on the previous experience and expertise of the staff.
Upon establishment of the LNSM the aims were:
(1) to enable the possibility of preparation of samples of wide spectrum of semiconducting and metallic nanostructures and nanomaterials;
(2) to satisfy broad interest in experiments from national and foreign laboratories and to establish this cooperation in approximately ~30% of the capacity;
(3) to perform reliable measurements via highly qualified operators;
(4) to provide the „added value“ in form of the data processing and interpretation of the results;
(5) to educate scientists and students to be able to control sophisticated facilities;
(6) to provide remote access to electron microscopes through internet and in this way, to offer the measurements for external teams to participate in the experiment;
(7) to integrate actively into the international scientific network by targeted contacting of potential customers and gradually increase the participation in frame of ERA; and
(8) to participate in laboratory training for students.